Defence & Security Current Affairs
Interceptor Boat ‘ICGS C-422’ Commissioned
- The Indian Coast Guard (ICG) commissioned an interceptor boat ICGS C-422 at the Karaikal port on November 28, 2015 enhancing its shallow water operational capability along the South Tamil Nadu and Puducherry coast. The interceptor boat is capable of undertaking multifarious tasks such as surveillance, interdiction, search and rescue and coordinated operations with sea and air units. ICGS C-422 is among the 36 interceptor boats being built for the Coast Guard.
- It has been designed and built indigenously by M/s. Larsen and Toubro Limited. The 27.80 m long boat can achieve a maximum speed of 45 knots. It is equipped with two diesel engines and will have an endurance of 500 nautical miles.
Israel Successfully Tested ‘Barak 8’ Missile
- Israel has successfully tested India’s supersonic long-range surface-to-air missile (LRSAM)— Barak 8 on November 26,2015 from an from Lahav, a Saar 5-class Corvette (Israeli naval vessel), positioned near Haifa in the Mediterranean Sea.
- The missile is designed and developed jointly by India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Israel Aerospace Industries (LAI). The DRDO has designed and developed a dual pulse propulsion system and other safe-arm mechanisms for the first time.
- More operational flight trials of the LRSAM will be conducted from the Indian Navy’s newest destroyer, INS-Kolkata, before it is inducted into various classes of vessels.
India Successfully Test-fired ‘Agni-F Missile
- India successfully test-fired indigenously built nuclear-capable ‘Agni-I’ missile on November 27, 2015 from a test range off the Odisha coast as part of Strategic Forces Command training exercise.
- The surface-to-surface, single-stage missile, powered by solid propellants, was test-fired from a mobile launcher from launch pad-4 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Abdul Kalam Island (Wheeler Island). It is capable of hitting a target at a distance of 700 km.
- Agni-I was developed by Advanced Systems Laboratory, the premier missile development laboratory of DRDO in collaboration with Defence Research Development Laboratory and Research Centre Imarat and integrated by Bharat Dynamics Limited, Hyderabad.
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India Successfully Test-fired Nuclear-capable ‘Prithvi-ir Missile
- India successfully test-fired its indigenously developed nuclear capable Prithvi-II missile on November 26,2015. The missile test was carried out from a mobile launcher from launch complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur.
- The surface-to-surface Prithvi-II missile is capable of carrying 500 kg to 1000 kg of warheads. and is thrusted by liquid propulsion twine engines. It uses advanced inertial guidance system with manoeuvring trajectory to hit its target.
- The launch activities were carried out by the specially formed SFC and monitored by the scientists of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as part of training exercise. The missile trajectory was tracked by DRDO radars, electro-optical tracking systems and telemetry stations located along the coast of Odisha.
Indian Navy got Second Indigenous Anti-submarine Warship ‘Kadmatt’
- The second Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Corvette, ‘Kadmatt’, was formally handed over to Indian Navy on November 26, 2015. INS-Kamorta, the first in the class, was handed over to the navy in 2014.
- The basic design for the ship was developed by Indian Navy’s Directorate of Naval Design while the detailed design was made by the in-house design department of GRSE, Kolkata. GRSE is building four ASW Corvette class ships under the P-28 Project.
- At 109 m long and with a displacement of 3200 tonnes, the’vessel can reach a maximum speed of 25 knots with an endurance of over 3400 NM at 18 knots speed. The warship is designed to accommodate 17 officers and 106 sailors.
‘Dhanush’ Missile Successfully Test-fired
- Nuclear capable ‘Dhanush’ ballistic missile with a strike range of 350 km was successfully test-fired from warship INS-Subhadra, off Puri coast, Odisha on November 24, 2015. It is a naval variant of India’s indigenously- developed Prithvi missile.
- This is the fourth test of the nuclear-capable Dhanush ballistic missile. The missile was first successfully tested in 2012. It is capable of carrying conventional as well as nuclear payload of 500 kg and it can hit both land and sea-based targets.
- It is one of the five missiles indigenously developed by the DRDO under its strategic Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme. The missile has a length of 8.53 m and 0.9 m wide. It has already been inducted in the armed forces.
India Test-fired Indigenously Developed Interceptor Missile
- India test-fired its indigenously developed supersonic interceptor | missile known as Advanced Air Defence (AAD) missile, capable of destroying any incoming ballistic missile, from a test range off Abdul Kalam Island (Wheeler Island) in Odisha coast on November 22, 2015. AAD missile, was engaged against an electronically prepared target which simulated the trajectory of a hostile ballistic missile.
- The interceptor is a 7.5 m long single stage solid rocket propelled guided missile equipped with a navigation system, a hi-tech computer and an electro-mechanical activator. The interceptor missile had its own mobile launcher, secure data link for interception, independent tracking and homing capabilities and sophisticated radars.
‘Maareech’ Handed Over to Indian Navy
- The Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar dedicated to the nation the Seakeeping and Manoeuvring Basin (SMB) during a function held at Naval Science and Technological Laboratory (NSTL), Visakhapatnam on November 14, 2015. The SMB facility set up as a joint effort of DRDO and Indian Navy.
- The facility puts India among the few nations in the world having the capability to undertake comprehensive hydrodynamic model testing of naval platforms and weapon systems. SMB would help to design and build state-of-the-art naval combatants such as submarines, ships, torpedoes, etc.
- The Minister also handed over the Maareech-Advanced Torpedo I Defence System developed by DRDO to the Navy Chief.
Shipwright School Commissioned as TNS-Vishwakarma’
- Shipwright School (SWS), a premier technical establishment and alma-mater for Naval Architect Officers, Shipwright Officers and Shipwright Sailors of the Indian Navy, was commissioned as Indian Naval Ship Vishwakarma on November 13, 2015 at Visakhapatnam.
- The commissioning of INS-Vishwakarma would enhance the Navys in-house design and maintenance capabilities. This would go a long way in transforming the Indian Navy to a designers and builders Navy in keeping with the Make in India vision.
- The SWS was established in 1941 at INS-Shivaji for training shipwright artificers of Indian Navy. It was subsequently shifted in 1943 to Naval Barracks, Mumbai (now INS-Angre).
‘Agni-IV’ Missile Test-fired Successfully
- India’s 4000 km range nuclear weapons-capable strategic missile, Agni-IV was successfully test-fired from the Wheeler Island off the Odisha coast on November 9, 2015 from a road-mobile launcher. The Army’s Strategic Forces Command, which is entrusted with the task of handling strategic weapons launched it.
- The two-stage solid-propelled, surface-to-surface ballistic missile is designed to carry a one-tonne payload and covered a range of more than 3500 km.
- Advanced ring laser gyro-based Inertial Navigation system and Micro Inertial Navigation System in redundant mode guided the missile to reach its pre-designated target area.
- After accelerating to a height of about 600 km, the re-entry vehicle with a dummy payload withstood scorching temperatures as it re-entered the atmosphere and splashed down near the pre-designated area in the Bay of Bengal.
India-Russia Military Exercise Indra-2015’ Held at Rajasthan
- The seventh edition India-Russia Joint Military Exercise ‘Indra-2015’ held in Mahajan field firing range at Bikaner, Rajasthan from November 7 to 20, 2015. This edition of exercise is focusing on Counter Terrorism Operations in Desert Terrain under a United Nations Mandate.
- The 250-members local Indian Army formation led by Col. N. Prashanth, Contingent Commander Indian Battalion. The 250-strong Army contingent of Russia led by Major General Sergey N. Legotin, Commander, Independent Motorised Brigade.
- The joint exercise between the two nations held between Indian Army’s Infantry Battalion and Independent Russian Motorised Brigade. It is one of the major bilateral defence cooperation activities that was commenced since 2003.
Successfully Tested-fured ‘BrahMos’ Supersonic Missile
- The Indian Army successfully test-fired the land attack variant of the 290 km range ‘BrahMos’ supersonic cruise missile at the Pokhran test range in Rajasthan on November 7, 2 BrahMos is a joint effort between India and Russia.
- It was conducted both by Indian Army and Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) and was test fired from an Autonomous Mobile Launcher (AML). It has been designed and developed by a joint venture between DRDO and NPOM of Russia.
- Brahmos is the only supersonic cruise missile in the world capable of flying at 2.8 times the speed of sound and can be launched from land, sea and air. This missile system is the most lethal and potent weapon system for precision strike.
- The Indian Army operationalised the missile in 2007 and has deployed three regiments along the border with Pakistan, all of them equipped with Block-Ill version having steep dive capability for precision strikes in the mountains. These were validated in user trials in May, 2015.
Indian Coast Guard Commissioned ‘ICGS-Arinjay’
- The Fast Patrol Vessel (FPV) of Aadesh-Class of Indian Coast Guard commissioned Indian Coast Guard Ship (ICGS) Arinjay, 15th in the series of 20 Fast Patrol Vessels, in Kochi city, at the Southern Naval Command on November 2, 2015.
- ICGS-Arinjay, which means ‘victory over evil’, is 50 m long, displaces 317 tonnes of water and has a maximum designed speed of 33 knots. The ship has an endurance of 1500 I nautical miles at an economical speed of 13 knots.
- ICGS-Arinjay was commissioned by Flag Officer, Commanding-in-Chief, Southern Naval Command, ’ Vice-Admiral Sunil Lamba. Commandant Ajay Kumar Mudgul would be the Commanding Officer of ICGS-Arinjay.
‘BrahMos’ Missile Tested Successfully from TNS-Kochi’
- Indian Navy successfully test-fired the ‘BrahMos’ supersonic cruise missile from its newly-commissioned stealth destroyer 7500 tonnes INS-Kochi, the largest-ever warship built in India till now, in the Arabian Sea on November 1, 2015.
- The 290-km deadly conventional missile hit its target i.e., a decommissioned ship named Alleppey, with almost pinpoint accuracy during this first-ever vertical launch. The target ship was stationed 220 km away from INS-Kochi.
- BrahMos as the prime precision strike weapon, will ensure the warship’s invincibility by engaging surface targets at long ranges. Thus, making the destroyer another lethal platform of the Indian Navy.
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