In Delhi NCR to tackle with air pollution, SC approves Centre’s Graded Response System
The Supreme Court has approved Central Government’s Graded Response Action Plan to handle ` different levels of pollution in Delhi-NCR. The apex court also has asked Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) to upgrade its existing infrastructure and set up additional monitoring stations in Delhi-NCR. Graded Response Action Plan the enforcement of action plan will be under orders of Environment Pollution. (Control and Prevention) Authority (EPCA). All other authorities will act in aid of such direction. It has enumerated a number of measures which include closing brick kilns, stone crushers, hot mix plants, intensifying public transport services besides increase in frequency of mechanised cleaning of road and sprinkling of water on roads to tackle problem of pollution.
Russian Scientist develops new cheap way to produce nuclear fuel using electricity
Scientists from Russia have developed a new unique, low-cost method for producing high-quality nuclear fuel using electricity. It is alternative novel method that forms the basis of powder metallurgy and involves electric pulse sintering under pressure. The main type of fuel for nuclear power reactors is the uranium oxide pellet composition. It is produced from a powder by granulation, pressing, and sintering (coalescing into a solid or porous mass by heating) with the subsequent control of the quality and size of the pellets. In the new method, the mould is heated by passing electric current with the uranium oxide pellet powder placed in. The uranium oxide fuel is simultaneously influenced by the powerful pulse discharge and mechanical pressure Advantages Products of high quality are obtained in low cost. Reduces number of production stages without increasing the cost. Fuel pellets can be produced even from uranium dioxide powder, which is not suitable for the conventional technology.
Union Government introduces Taxation Laws (Second Amendment) Bill, 2016.
The Union Government has introduced the Taxation Laws (Second Amendment) Bill, 2016 in the Parliament. The bill amends existing tax laws to impose a higher rate of tax and penalty in respect of undisclosed incomes. It proposes, Taxation and Investment Regime for Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana, 2016 (PMGKY), an anti-poverty scheme. It seeks to attract more people to disclose their unaccounted cash and also to put in a framework in place to use that for the welfare of the people especially in the rural areas. It also ensures that tax defaulting assessees and black money holders are subjected to tax at a higher rate and stringent penalty provision.